Reidar Finrud의 영구운동장치

노르웨이의 미술가 핀스러드를 소개합니다.
그는 전문기술자나 과학자가 아니지만 12년간의 노력끝에 영구장치를 제작하여 그의 개인 박물관에 전시하고 있다고 합니다.
형태는 약 1kg 의 쇠구슬이 직경 60cm의 트랙을 분당 12회 정도로 영구히 굴러갑니다. 원리는 단순한 자석의 인력을 이용한 것 뿐입니다. 쇠구슬이 자석의 인력에 끌려 다가오면 기계적 장치에 의해 자석이 위치를 변경하여 쇠구슬이 자석에 달라붙지 않도록 하는 것입니다.
이 것이 사실이라면 영구기관은 아주 간단히 제작해볼 수 있는 것이며, 다만 시행착오가 많이 필요할 뿐일 것 같습니다. 개인적으로 초효율의 동력장치는 영구기관의 토대위에서 실현가능하리라 생각합니다.
노르웨이 TV 2에서 방영된 라이다르 핀스러드의 인터뷰.

Transcript of interview with Reidar Finsrud

(from Norwegian TV Channel 2)



Interviewer :"If the artist and jack-of-all-trades Reidar Finsrud is right he has succeeded in making a machine that man has been trying to make for a thousand years; the Perpetuum Mobile. In plain English, an eternally operating machine. A machine that just keeps on going without external influence of any kind."

인터뷰어: 전위 미술가인 라이다르 핀스러드가 맞다면 그는 몇 천 년 동안 사람들이 만들고자 했던 영구동력 장치를 제작한 것입니다.



"The painter, graphic artist and sculptor Reidar Finsrud ha used 12 years making one of our history's most mythical devices: the Perpetuum Mobile."

화가이며, 그래픽아티스트, 조각가이기도 한 라이다르 핀스러드는 이 신화적인 장치, 영구장치를 만드는데 12년의 세월을 보냈습니다.


R.F: "I have spoken to some people saying 'nonsense, all rubbish' and then come down here to visit me. Then, after they have watched it operate for awhile, their attitude changes completely. They leave here happy and content."

"많은 사람들이 나에게 말도 안되는 쓰레기같은 물건이라고 했습니다. 그들은 나를 방문하고 그 것이 작동되는 것을 한참 보고 난 후, 그들의 태도는 완전히 바뀌어졌고, 행복하고 만족스런 모습으로 이 곳을 떠났습니다."



Interviewer : "In addition to visitors being pleased when watching the machine in the glass mount, some are quite spellbound by this original, unusual work of art."

인터뷰어: "유리마운트 속에 있는 이 장치를 보고 사람들이 기뻐한 것 외에, 몇몇 사람들은 이 장치의 원리와 특이한 작동에 완전히 매료되었습니다."



R.F: "I have had people in here talking about religion, I have had people saying 'That's it! Yes of course, that's it! Some who were standing here watching it would go 'yes of course! You have got it right!' And I have had others who just stand there. I have had people standing for over an hour just watching and watching and watching. This is of course very exciting for me,but it makes me a little bit nervous, but..... Then I start thinking: Is he going to try and stop it again using telekinesis or something."

핀스러드: "어떤 사람들은 종교와 연관을 지었습니다. 어떤 사람들은 "그래, 바로 이거야!, 바로 이거였어!" 하고 말했습니다. 또 어떤 사람들은 꼼짝도 않고 한 시간이 넘게 서서 바라보기만 했습니다. 이 것은 나에게도 흥미로운 것이었습니다. 나는 그들이 염력등을 사용해서 이 장치를 정지시킬려고 한다고 생각이 들기도 했습니다."


Interviewer : "The first few nights he did not get much sleep, but after almost 2 weeks the 'dad' feels the machine is ready to live its own life."

인터뷰어: "처음 며칠간은 잠을 잘 이루지 못했고, 그다음 두 주간은 그 장치가 자신의 삶을 시작할 준비가 되었다는 것을 느꼈습니다."



R.F: "And now I have stopped watching over it. I don't feel like it is a sick child any more. I feel confident it will keep on going in the future."

핀스러드: " 이제 나는 더이상 병든 아이마냥 그것을 바라보고 있지 않습니다. 나는 그것이 미래에도 계속 스스로 작동할 것이라는 확신을 느낍니다."



Update on inventors address: Finsrud (just like his name),

just outside OSLO, Norway



The steel ball: It's weight is more like 2 pounds. Not 20 Pounds.

쇠구슬: 무게 약 1kg.

Placement of the timing slot: The slot with the flexible steel wire is placed just in front of the horse-magnet.

타이밍슬롯의 간격: 플렉시블 강철와이어로 연결된 슬롯은 말굽자석의 바로 앞에 위치하고 있다.


The revolution time: 4.2 seconds to circle the track.

회전수: 트랙을 한 바퀴 도는데 약 4.2초 소요.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Secrets inside the Finsrud PMM
핀스러드장치의 비밀

-------------------------------



I visited Mr. Finsrud in his large gallery Saturday the 8th of June. We talked for about 2 hours. He is very knowledgeable on a large number of subjects. On behalf of Stefan Marinov, I asked Mr. Finsrud to talk about how he came to making the device. He then told us that he started out trying to make the exact opposite thing from a moving sculpture, a stable, non-moving sculpture.
나는 6월 8일, 토요일에 핀스러드의 커다란 갤러리를 방문했다. 우리는 약 두시간에 걸쳐 이야기를 나누었다. 그는 여러 방면에 걸쳐 박학다식했다. 스테펀 마리노프를 대신해서, 나는 그가 어떻게 PMM(영구장치, 이하 PMM)을 만들게 되었는지 물어봤다. 그는 대답하길 처음에 움직이는 조각에 정확히 반대되는, 안정되고 균형잡힌 움직이지 않는 조각을 만들려고 했다고 말했다.


He was trying to make an ashtray suspended in mid-air by a set of repelling magnets on a platform underneath. The ashtray was saucer-shaped with the center dome inverted to make a bowl (tray) for the ashes. The idea was that it should not move or rotate.
처음 그는 몇개의 자석이 서로 밀쳐내는 힘을 이용해 공중에 떠있는 재떨이를 만들려고 했다. 재떨이는 접시모양을 하고 있었고, 그것은 절대 움직이거나 회전하면 안되는 것이었다.



He tried for a long time to get it stable, but because of the high center of gravity, it kept flipping around or drifted out of the field.

Mr. Finsrud is a brilliant observer of natural phenomena, and makes his own theories, not feeling bound by what is mainstream. He said to me:
그는 오랜 시간 동안 재떨이가 안정되게끔 시도하였으나,무게중심이 높았기 때문에 그것은 주변을 빙빙 돌거나 자속의 바깥으로 튕겨나갔다.

핀스러드는 천재적인 관찰력으로 자연현상을 관찰했다. 그는 자신만의 이론을 정립했는데, 그것은 제도권 주류과학에 의해 구애받지 않는 것이었다. 그는 나에게 말했다:


"Well...I realized that it would not keep still because of a CHAOTIC FIELD.

So, I said to myself: If you won't stay still, you will damn well RUN !"

"그래요... 나는 이것이 케이오틱 필드(혼돈장) 때문에 정지상태를 유지하지 못한다는 것을 깨달았어요.

그래서, 나는 나 자신에게 말했습니다: 만약 네가 고요히 정지하기를 원치 않는다면, 너는 계속 움직여야만 한다!"



This is how he began studying the CHAOS-PENDULUM that almost everyone has seen. The one that swings over a platform with magnets chaotically placed on the platform. Around the center magnet underneath the pendulum, he made concentric circles, each one with a radius equal to the distance from the center.
이것이 그가 거의 모든 사람들이 알고있는 CHAOS PENDULUM을 연구하게 된 계기이다.



He then numbered them from the center outwards. Studying the random, totally unpredictable, chaotic bounces from one magnet to the next, he wrote down the following number series: 1-6-3-2-4-7-2-1-5-2-5-7.... Which would mean that this particular test resulted when the pendulum went from the magnet closest to the center, then to the 6'th closest, then to the 3'rd closest.....



On the machine, there are three magnets placed over the track. When the ball passes under, they are attracted, and bend down. They are mounted on flat spring steel arms. The movement is restricted to about 3 mm, so they stop a few mm over the passing ball.



The chaos pendulum in the center moves these magnets a small distance up or down trough the arms connecting the center pendulum to each of these 3 magnets.



This causes the time that the magnets 'fall' or 'snap' down towards the ball to vary slightly. Mr. Finsrud's idea was that IT IS ONLY ONE 'code'or number series that will cause the magnets to bend down exactly as the ball is passing, thus stopping the machine.



The rest of the codes/number series will either slow it down or accelerate it,and there will statistically be an equal number of accelerating codes as well as codes that will slow it down.



Since the pendulum is chaotic, the probability of the machine 'finding' the only 'right' code for stopping is very small, virtually zero.



To stabilize the speed of the ball he introduced the horse-shoe magnets and the three long pendulums that are visible from outside.



A fast ball will push the flexible controller track-rod down so fast, the pendula attached to this particular horse-shoe magnet will not have time to swing out and push the horse-shoe magnet down and away from the track.



Thus, the magnet will raise itself up against the passing ball holding it stronger as it passes out of the field than it was held when pulling it into the field. Braking of the fast moving ball is the result.



A slow ball is accelerated by the reverse process: the slow ball will be pulled into the magnetic field, and at the same time the magnet will pull the ball over the controlling flexible rod, forcing itself down and away from the ball.



Thus, the field felt by a slow ball is stronger in towards the horse-shoe magnet, than away from the magnet: producing acceleration.



Mr.Finsrud has repeatedly stated that he cannot explain where the surplus energy comes from. His theory when working with the device was the 'codes',that all but one code would want to uphold the status quo.



Since the machine is hand started with the ball having some speed,

maintaining this speed would maintain the status quo.



I compared the energy that the center chaos-pendulum was able to transfer to the ball with that which the three 'regulators' was able to transfer, and found a 1:500 ratio.



We were standing, two of us discussing this with the inventor, and I said:



"Your theory for the surplus energy might be correct, but I am convinced that the energy surplus comes from the 'regulators' accelerating the slow balls. Mr. Finsrud, I think you have had more luck than you have been clever. Another reason for my belief is the fact that you had to add the

'regulators in the first place to get the machine working".



The inventor looked at me, smiled mysteriously and said: "Well...I have said that I do not know where the energy comes from exactly, so I can't say that my explanation is the right one. It might be that you are right".



So ended my first sighting of the machine. As he walked us to the door, the discussion went on about making other versions of the machine with much larger power. Also his great knowledge in mechanics, painting with light,experimental chemistry, materials, painting, sculpting and philosophy became apparent in our talks.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Vanguard Notes



The idea of a code based on the arrangement of the magnets, that helps to entrain the motion of the ball from one of chaos to one of a reinforcing magnetically driven 'flow' correlates with John Searles Magic Number series. Searle claims that magnets, composed of certain elements and arranged in a specific pattern, will create a wavefront that produces a spiralling acceleration, with no outside power source.



This COHERING OF CHAOS is exactly what many of us are seeking in our quest to tap any random naturally occurring energy such as ZPE, Aether, gravity, cosmic rays, light, whatever - for practical uses.



Tom Beardens' phase conjugate ideas, though not so 'en vogue' now are still highly regarded by many of us here at KeelyNet. All frequencies are subject to phasing, whether constructive or destructive and if properly applied, can be used to enhance, retard, suspend or cancel the characteristics of any energy or mass that has vibration associated with it.



This 'code' which Mr. Finsrud speaks of creates a magnetic spatial pattern that is analogous to a reinforcing phased field.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
아래 소개하는 문건은 John Pasley가 2001년 3월 17일 노르웨이의 핀스러드 개인 스튜디오를 방문하고 기록한 것입니다. 그가 관찰한 바로 핀스러드 머신은 처음 작동을 시킬때 15분 정도의 튜닝이 필요하다고 하며, 가끔가다 며칠에 한 번씩 멈추기도 한다고 합니다. 그의 장치는 초효율을 발생시키지는 않으며, 단지 효율 99.999999..... 에 근접하여 오랜 시간을 움직일 수 있다고 분석했습니다. 시간이 되는데로 간단히 번역해보겠습니다만, 원문으로도 대략은 이해하실 수 있습니다.




Visit to Reidar Finsrud’s Public Studio in Norway on 17 March 2001



Getting There

Arrived at Oslo (Torp) 123 kilometers from Oslo. Took a taxi to Sandefjord and then on to As via Oslo by train (a four hour trip). Arriving at As there were no taxis at the stand, a phone call resulted in an English speaking taxi driver within ten minutes. Luckily he knew of the Finsrud Gallery and took us there. Arrived at 3.45 p.m. on the Saturday having left London at 4.00 am that morning!

First Impressions

The gallery is nicely fitted out giving the impression of a quiet library. It was immediately obvious that it was Reidar Finsrud who was working on a computer at reception. Dressed in white engineers overalls and sporting a pony-tail he remembered me when I said we had spoken a few weeks ago while he was eating lunch! I guess all the things I had said on the phone about the Earth’s energy problems, the science that his machine proved wrong had been less important than his lunch! This is no bad thing. Reidar was extremely polite and speaks excellent English, when he realized we had only quarter of an hour before closing he volunteered straight away that he would be around a little longer and that we could stay later. Somewhat of a relief not to have traveled 12 hours for just quarter of an hour viewing.








Perpetuum Mobile by Reidar Finsrud



The Machine

Reidar keeps his ‘Perpetuul mobile’ in his strongroom in his basement with a couple of other pieces of his highly prized artworks. He happily showed us to this room while talking engagingly about the machine. On entering the strongroom the machine is directly in front enclosed in a glass cabinet, it stands about a meter and a half tall, the ball is on a gently moving track and it goes round and does not stop, there are no motors. A ball would normally only go around a few circuits but this does not, additional energy is coming from somewhere and the scientific understanding of physics falls flat on its face with each circuit of the ball. The machine is well built, there are no ends of bolts sticking out and Allen key style nuts are used in most places. There are no apparent rough edges or bits that are broken. It is not perfect however, as the ball rolls around there are two places roughly opposite where track noise can be heard and the ball audibly vibrates; that said, it is really quite smooth. The ball does make a noise as it goes around, this is just like a ball bearing on a track, like a roulette ball. I also noticed what appears to be a putty of some kind in just a couple of places, I think this has been used to balance the machine, finger prints clearly mark the putty.



Moving Parts

Let me describe the movement in the machine, the most obvious yet least important movement of the machine is in the three regulatory pendulums, these are pivoted by a right angle of metal used as a hook to each of three arms coming from the main internal pendulum that goes down the central column of the machine. The swing of the regulatory pendulum is always at the same place with respect to the ball going around the track (two bicycle wheel rims).

The regulatory pendulum swings in the opposite direction to the ball as the ball approaches. On the top of the pendulum, above the pivot is a horseshoe magnet, this is attracted to the ball as it approaches. As the ball passes the horseshoe magnet the magnet is closest to the ball and at its lowest point, the pendulum below the pivot is therefore at the furthest point of its swing away from the ball. This is the position each time the ball passes. I should also point out that this is a normal not chaotic pendulum.

To ensure the pendulum continues to swing requires energy, this is given to it via a plastic encased wire which is attached near the pivot of the pendulum, the other end is not attached to anything but comes up through the track. The ball goes over it pushing it down and imparting just enough energy to keep the pendulum swinging. The magnet is not there to take energy from the ball but to ensure the pendulum is always at its furthest swing when the ball is next to the magnet, the wire is used to get the energy. (The wire looks suspiciously like a wire coat hanger with a clear plastic tube over it!)

These pendulums are attached to the arms of the central internal pendulum. The track is fixed rigidly to the arms and the arms are fixed rigidly to the central pendulum. This central pendulum has a circular movement which is therefore passed on to the track. It is the circular movement of the track which moves the ball. (If you were to put a marble on a dinner plate and make a circular movement it also would go around. The track does not rotate, the high point on the track moves around in a wavelike fashion so the ball is always on a slope.) It is this part that gives the machine its movement but it is the top part, the ‘vibrationary assembly’ which powers the central pendulum and therefore it is this part where the extra energy is coming from.

The Vibrationary Assembly

The machine is supported by a central column within which the central pendulum swings in its circular motion. The central column is secured at the bottom by a large copper flange to ensure the machine does not topple over. This central column rises to just before the arms to the track start. At this point, three aluminum bars are attached which pass through the track arms and support the machine by attaching to a triangular arrangement of metal lengths upon which the machine is eventually hung. Separating these metal lengths and the central pendulum is a whole system of vibrating springs and further metal lengths, power is generated here. This system is designed so it is always reverberating, as an input from one area dies down so another input starts, this part of the system is designed to never allow stability and so causes the perpetual motion.

The area where vibration is most clear is the input to the system from the ball itself. There are three round magnets on the end of metal lengths positioned in a triangle so that they are just over the ball as it passes them on its journey around the track. (There are small metal spikes below the metal lengths near to the magnet, these stop the magnet from getting too close to the ball and are probably only of use during the machine start up.) The lengths are like metal rulers, like the ruler a vibration can be set up in them. This happens when the ball comes around under the magnet, pulling it towards the ball, once the ball passes it the attraction on the magnet is released and a vibration imparted on the metal length.

The lengths are balanced in the middle, supported from below also with a spring assembly above them, I believe this is to enable the strip to be supported but not to dampen the vibration.








Close up to the business end of things


At the opposite end to the magnet the metal length feeds the vibration up to a smaller triangular array of metal lengths. The attachment is by a medium weighted bolt, I believe the weight helps conserve vibration. This further triangle of lengths is about five centimeters above the middle triangle; they are attached at their center points to the suspension point of the central pendulum. The other end of the lengths on the higher triangle is balanced with a knuckle shaped sprung bracket assembly. I don’t know if the function is just a balance to the weight on the other end but it appears to also help with the vibration.

At the center of the metal lengths of the higher triangle is the attachment to the pendulum. The central pendulum is hung off a copper bowl, this only contains the attachment. The heavy 40kg pendulum swings in a circular motion in the central column. Further support for the weight is via a spring which is supported by the central column.

The design of the vibrating assembly is interesting when viewed from above, the lower triangle supporting the assembly is the smallest, its points would touch the mid points of the highest triangle, the higher triangle’s points would touch the mid points of the middle triangle formed between the three magnets overhanging the track.

So what makes this machine run. I don’t think I am able to answer this, the vibration assembly certainly keeps movement going longer than otherwise but I keep coming back to the movement of the central pendulum. There is a subtlety and pureness to the movement that has a logic to it, I can only describe this as being like Pythagoras theory, when the solution is presented there is a naturalness which does not require a proof, it simply ‘feels right’.



Efficiency

Reidar says the machine does stop on occasions but that this is not on a daily basis. To start the machine the pendulums are swung by hand, this puts an external input energy into the system, given that the machine does stop this means it is not over 100% efficient.

Without any motion in the pendulums the ball would travel only twice around the circuit, with only the regulatory pendulums it would go around about fifteen times (due to the external energy created by swinging the pendulums by hand) but the ball soon stops as pendulums themselves do not continue for long. Unlike a clock there is no spring mechanism to increase the time they swing. With the central pendulum moving and the triangular arrangement working together it goes on for days at least. Clearly the forces of friction, air resistance and gravity which should stop the machine are to an extent being overcome by the introduction of additional energy into the system.

In trying to arrive at ball park figures I will assume it is unlikely for any mechanical device to be more than 90% efficient, the ‘Perpetuum mobile’ at 99.999% (estimate) efficiency is therefore receiving about 10% of its energy from unknown sources. My personal view is that the machine remains 90% efficient, but has an additional energy input, the total of which is zero but is in fact an extra 10% positive energy and a 10% negative energy. The 10% negative energy should show up as a reduction in air temperature around the machine of a reduction in the machine weight. I did not measure the temperature of the air near the machine or weight stopped and then moving (the later being somewhat impractical).

As an aside Reidar was amused that a visiting scientist claimed the noise of the ball around the track represented 10 Watts of energy. The noise is similar but less than a mosquito, Reidar wondered how these little flies went around with 10 Watts of energy without exploding. (But don’t you wish they would sometimes!)

I asked about the rough areas of the track where the ball can be heard to ‘rattle’, apparently oil has been tried and it stops the machine like treacle because it increases the touching surfaces between ball and track. When parts other than the track are oiled a very thin oil like clock oil is used.



Start Up

When a start up is required this takes about 15 minutes, this is due to the difficulty involved in getting all the parts moving in harmony.



The Central Vibrationary Unit

The unit is based on the chaos pendulum though the machine does not actually use these at any point. Reidar first became interested in the chaos pendulum. This is simply a metal or magnetic pendulum, typically on a long piece of string (at least a meter), a little distance below the pendulum is a random array of magnets (if using a magnetic pendulum it is probably best to make the magnets in opposition). What happens when the pendulum is swung over the magnets is that it will first become attracted/repelled to one then another magnet. The movement is not entirely random but the pendulum takes an erratic path eventually becoming static in a position that is not vertical. This represents a potential energy in the pendulum.

Reidar timed the length of swing of a normal pendulum, then a chaos pendulum, the times were similar but Reidar noted that the chaos pendulum still kept some potential energy. In order to release this energy he hung further chaos pendulums near the first, he attached the pendulums together using a length of line. Now, when the pendulums came near rest it would occasionally be pulled by another pendulum and release that potential and start to move again. When timed this system of chaos pendulums was found to take longer than just one chaos pendulum before it came to rest.

Many different combinations of pendulum numbers and types were tried, eventually the idea of continuing vibration being used to keep the system in motion became the vibrationary unit at the top of the machine. The triangular array was finally achieved after many tried and failed attempts to get this part to continue indefinitely. This unit is the powerhouse for the machine, without which it does not work.



Reidar Finsrud

Reidar has many things to occupy his time, his gallery is on three floors and he is setting up another larger gallery in another location. He teaches and has 120 students, his subjects are the human body as a science as well as art. Additionally he has commitments to lecture on other subjects (usually the machine), this work allows him freedom to pursue his other interests. His gallery is full of his own work, observations of subtleties of human nature and form as well as woodland scenes. Animals are entirely missing from his art and this surprised me.

Reidar has deeply held convictions on greed. He feels the economic system that we have fuels greed to encourage people to get things others don’t have. We tend to go along with this and by doing so simply line the pockets of the heads of corporations. The paradox is that if they lived their lives in balance they wouldn’t need the money and wouldn’t encourage people to buy so many material goods which they don’t need either. We don’t need wardrobes full of clothes nor more than one car. We don’t need to keep changing the goods in our houses or our car, what people should realize is that if it works it doesn’t need changing.

Unfortunately while the economic system fuels itself in one way it does not in others, it needs to take from the environment all the time, however the environment only has so much that can be taken.

Reidar questions why a fast motorbike doesn’t come with a health warning while cigarettes do. It comes down to profits again, because manufacturers are not forced to put on health warnings they don’t, yes people know these things are dangerous but manufacturers would rather not encourage us to think about these dangers, they really want us to buy, it helps their bottom line.

Things such as branding and other methods of product differentiation just cause duplication of very similar products. This is inefficient but helps the bottom line in more companies so it is done.

To save energy, houses in cold areas could be built underground. Reidar does not need to heat his basement although there was snow outside, perhaps more people could do this (he didn’t talk too much about his top two floors though!).

Reidar does not believe an over unity machine is required to solve our energy crisis just a change of attitude among people. He has a vision of people becoming less materialistic, the greed based competitive economic system sinking and people working together ‘like ants’.



Present Projects

Reidar is collaborating with an industrial company to try and produce a machine based on his perpetual mobile but which produces an excess of energy, this is ongoing.

He is also making other energy producing devices using solar power and wave power. To demonstrate solar power he has made a six foot diameter solar windmill (like the ones that come in a slight vacuum in glass shaped like a light bulb). This works by having black and reflective silver areas, the black areas are heated by the sun warming and so expanding the air behind it held in a chamber, the expanding air is forced out through a hole causing the windmill to turn.



Where Now?

I hope I have done justice to Reidar Finsruds ideas and his machine, I would encourage people to visit his gallery if not too far away, you may well enjoy visiting Norway into the bargain.

I shall not be attempting to replicate this machine. It is clear to me that the central pendulum could be supported by an oscillator at the bottom, that the track could be kept in place by magnets in opposition to magnets on an external ring and that units like this could be stacked three high and that the vibrationary unit could be replaced by destabilization magnets. Additionally an energy collector in the form of aluminum cones and a steel shell should be used. I guess you see what that leaves me with!

The sign reads ‘Perpetuum mobile - Reidar Finsrud 1994’. This is seven years ago and it has not been successfully replicated, this is appalling, everyone should have one of these in their house, their schools and museums. If our time is running out on Earth I can imagine a fitting epitaph for humanity - ‘Could have done better’. This mustn’t happen, keep up the good work.



Studio is open 12 - 5 on a weekday and 12 - 4 on Saturday. Closed on Sunday.

Story and photos by John Pasley 20/3/2001




(트랙백 : http://cafe.empas.com/falundafa/bbs/b30/read.html?asn=35&notice=0&pno=1&oby=2&odir=0&fd=0&bt=16&ac=45&rurl=list.html)

[출처] Reidar Finrud의 영구운동장치


null

by 지금여기 | 2008/02/08 15:08 | 신 문 명/ I T | 트랙백(8) | 덧글(0)

트랙백 주소 : http://dulu04.egloos.com/tb/7269289
☞ 내 이글루에 이 글과 관련된 글 쓰기 (트랙백 보내기) [도움말]
Tracked from http://smith.. at 2014/08/20 20:56

제목 : http://smithggg.samenblog.com
Por benefit but http://smithggg.bloggersdelight.dk when my girl searching, recent accessorie replica breitling chrono avenger s is the last thing on her behalf human brain, and in some cases, the exact life partner continues to be sentiment unfai......more

Tracked from replica Brei.. at 2014/08/20 20:57

제목 : http://blogs.yahoo.co.jp/smi..
We don't think of buying into all cult of the celebrity replica Breitling Chronomat Evolution got to companionship a remarkable admirers, -Dana Oli replica Franck Muller ver, appeal of manager, HuffPost feel. inside of ailments, getting and also ......more

Tracked from replica omeg.. at 2014/08/20 20:57

제목 : http://smithggg.kloop.kg/
Vidal sassoon haircuts They mi replica omega watches uk ght your time money while they know i responsibl http://smithggg.bloggersdelight.dk e, with grown-up on my age. such replica omega watches uk ontires presented in online stores good. when pur......more

Tracked from A.Lange & So.. at 2014/08/20 20:57

제목 : fake watches uk
Cats' total eye will provide th A.Lange & Sohne replica e face a number of definition Nobody employs told tha http://smithggg.pblogs.gr/ t you can squander a medical condition for clothes which have good higher. still, they were definitily several......more

Tracked from replica watc.. at 2014/08/20 20:58

제목 : fake watches uk
ons indicates and they're going to begin t replica watches uk o design pad with middle class pro brides. as a consequence, extremely compl Chopard replica watches etely cheap and reliable and bringing their utmost level of quality products to meet......more

Tracked from 2013 at 12 at 2014/09/01 11:54

제목 : Replica Watches UK | Replica..
2013 at 12 The candidate hims replica rolex watches uk elf no way disagrees, pointing out that intends to go beyond. Okay? http://www.pisenegal.com/replica-burberry-watches-uk.html So we're always looking for food. Bruce Jayne, a professor in the......more

Tracked from But beware b.. at 2014/09/01 11:54

제목 : http://tinyurl.com/ducotefra..
but beware bulimia chameleons Th Replica Breitling watches uk e hands of Raf Simons, the Dior style now becomes immediat replica hublot watches uk ely identifiable. But I think that what is particularly nice about what they're doing is they can im......more

Tracked from Every Sunday.. at 2014/09/01 11:55

제목 : Replica Breitling Chrono Ave..
every sunday night at 8pm Be Bulant is holed, we did see him again. replica watches UK Of your fri replica tag heuer watches uk ends around you and leaves you bcp to change ideas, which c m allowed to hold on until now. This is an appropriate use......more

:         :

:

비공개 덧글

<< 이전 페이지다음 페이지 >>